Dataran Tinggi Dieng (Dieng Plateau)
Dieng Plateau is in the north east of Banjarnegara for about 55 km. It is a marshy plateau that forms the floor of a caldera complex on the Dieng active volcano complex. The name "Dieng" comes from Di Hyang which means "Abode of the Gods". Its misty location and its mists, poisonous effusions and sulphur-coloured lakes make it a particularly auspicious place for religious tribute.
Geographically, Dieng Plateau is in 2 regencies area, those are Wonosobo Regency and Banjarnegara Regency. The height of this area is 2093 m above sea level, and the temperature is 15°C on the day and 10°C in the night.
On dry season, the temperature could be extremely drop to under 0°C. This low temperature could freeze the morning dew. To the Dieng's farmers, these frozen dew that they called upas dew are so un-friendly because they could endanger the potataoes and cabbages vegetation.
Dieng Plateau area is 619,846ha, surrounded with mountains such as Mount Sumbing, Mount Sindoro, Mount Perahu, Mount Rogojembangan, and mount Bismo. The sensational beauty of Dieng Plateau is if we come from Wonosobo, we can see sunrise two times.
The Dieng sunrise is called Golden Sunrise with golden sun and Silver Sunrise with white silvery sun shine. The first appearance or Golden Sunrise could be seen from watch tower on the height of 1,700 m above sea level. This location is before entering the Dieng Village. And the second appearance, or Silver Sunrise could be seen from the complex of the Hindu's temples.
Dieng Plateau is the site for eight small Hindu temples from the 7th and 8th centuries, the oldest Hindu temples in Central Java, and the first known standing stone structures in Java. They are originally thought to have numbered 400 but only some of them remain. The Dieng structures were small and relatively plain, but stone architecture developed substantially in only a matter of decades resulting in masterpieces such as the Prambanan complex and Borobudur. The temples are small shrines built as monuments to the god-ancestors, rather than as a convenience to man.
This list is of all identified candi found within the immediate area of the main plateau.
- Candi Abiyasa
- Candi Arjuna
- Candi Bima
- Candi Darawati
- Candi Dvaravati
- Candi Gatotkaca
- Candi Pandu
- Candi Parikesit
- Candi Puntadewa
- Candi Magersari
- Candi Nakula
- Candi Sadewa
- Candi Sembadra
- Candi Senjaka
- Candi Semai
- Candi Srikandi
Part of General Sudirman's guerilla campaign during Indonesian War of Independence took place in the area.
Other tourist attraction that scattered on Dieng Plateau are : Sikidang Crater, Si Banteng Crater, Sileri Crater, Candradimuka Crater, Balaikumbang Lake, Medada Lake, Siwi Lake, Dringa Lake, Sinila Lake, Jala Tunda Well, Jumut Cave, Gangsiran Asmotoma.